Dattatreya is considered the adi guru(originator – root guru) of many Indian traditions. Lord Datta is perhaps best remembered as the Avadhut, (a human being who has removed the fetters). As Avadhut, Dattatreya was heard to say a number things. One of the most fascinating of these stories involves the teachings of his 24 gurus. Sanskrit tells us that one name of 24 is Siddha (accomplished, perfected to degree). 24 is also the number of horas (hours in a calendar day). The significance of these meanings aside, we must note the identities of his gurus. All of these 24 gurus were things and entities which existed on earth and inhabited our solar system. While only 24 in number, the number is complete, perfect and reports a miracle. With an awakened mind, Dattatreya used his inbuilt awareness and intelligence to be informed directly by the whispering Cosmos. Even better, he took tuition from the Sun, Moon, Earth, elements, animals, insects, people and nature. These agencies informed his experience and understanding was illuminated. Dattatreya communicated, listened and transformed to become Avadhuta. Astute readers note that not one book is listed among Dattatreya’s gurus. Traditions of the book therefore being different than Dattatreya’s process as described here. Dattatreya is dear to us as the first holder of primordial wisdom and Avadhuta. Dattatreya is the Adi Guru of the International Nath Order. Jai Datto Hung.
From rising to rising of the Sun is called Savana reckoning. By that are determined the Savana days and by these the regulation of the time of sacrifices. Surya Siddhanta 14.18
Twilight Yoga uses the rising and setting of the Sun for daily timing purposes. The exact time of sunrise is determined when the Sun is half its diameter above the horizon to the East, and sunset when the Sun is half its diameter below the horizon to the West. These are the two most important junctures of the Savana or ritual day. This timing is based on our physical position on Earth relative to the Sun. In this conception of phenomena and time, the Sun is the soul of All, the Atman. The supreme Cosmic Spirit embodied as the solar orb. Twilight Yoga begins before sunrise and extends after that point into the day. Twilight Yoga begins before sunset and extends after that point into the night.
Having established the timing basis for Twilight Yoga, now the method. Seat yourself in the circle of Yogis in a comfortable seated posture. Beneath you is your physical mat or seat, also called asana. This can be made of any material, but some suggest that natural fibers more easily collect and retain the divine vibrations generated during the work. A Yogi’s personal asana which has collected the vibrations and energy of so many yogas and exalted moments is a great personal asset. Virasana or Padmasana are ideal postures. Feel free to shift position slightly every 20 minutes or so to allow proper blood flow. Relax. Please avoid excessive fidgeting and movement. If you are new to meditation and can’t get comfortable sitting on the ground, please consider sitting on a large cushion with your legs folded in front of you or sit in a chair. Serious yogis always have their personal seat with them for use at any formal sitting.
Now being comfortably seated, the next step is to begin withdrawal of the senses by closing the eyes. This is being done so that we may more efficiently drawn our awareness within. This is the interior focus where we are directing our awareness back to its apparent source. This is the left turning path of the Tantrikas. We are going back to the source of consciousness from whence we came.
In this method, concentration is used to bring our awareness deeply into our breathing process in an unbroken stream for the entire duration of the meditation. The in and out breathes are timed to equal duration by the use of mantra. The duration of each breath is the same duration as the mantra “Om Namah Shivaya” repeated two times for both the in and out breathes. This mantra recitation is done in complete silence and only intoned by the mind. Example: (In breath) Om Namah Shivaya, Om Namah Shivaya (Out breath) Om Namah Shivaya, Om Namah Shivaya. One will notice that it is necessary to keep the syllables moving at an active and even rate. In this version of this upaya or method, the mantra is inwardly repeated and coordinated with the breath in an unbroken stream for the entire duration of the meditation. Thus, the exposition of the method.
Concentration and clear intention are the key elements to successfully bring together our individual awareness, breath and mantra.
After the first hour of meditation I will be silently visiting a few participants during each meditation session and sharing my own meditation energy, (Shakti) with them. All of this will be explained and discussed at our first meeting on Sunday.
As a classical summation, this method or upaya of Twilight Yoga consists of: Asana, Pratyahara, Dharana, Pranayama, Mantra and Dhyana.
“Yoga is the transformation of the mind complex and its activity; The helixform path of magick leading to higher spiritual levels; To vanquish the conditioning and habits inflamed by civilization, Restoring our original nature and magick charisma of divinity By union of the individual spirit with the supreme Atman” Shri Gurudev Mahendranath
Shri Mahendranath presented the Nath path as based on a conscious thinking power which permeates the infinite universe or Cosmos. While all people and everything is integrated by this divine essence, we are separated from the fullness of its bliss and Shakti due to our personal limitations in the form of Karmas, Kleshas and Konditioning.
A non-dual view of the Cosmos is embraced and trumpeted by many people and has been for a long time, yet the KKK matrix holds most in bondage and few are they who get away. The Naths propose a limited number of modalities as practice suitable for Awakening. These modalities however must be embraced with sufficient intensity and devotion to catalyze the personal transformations which when mature, spontaneously unveils the Cosmos as a divine Unity. This Awakening is then known and experienced as the obvious and natural condition of the Natha and the Cosmos.
Shri Mahendranath’s system pivots on the KKK matrix as the definition of the impediments causing our bondage. Are we currently perfected? Are we working towards Freedom and Awakening or busy with something more important? A personal review of where we stand in regards to the KKK matrix will give us indication of our general status and perhaps even suggest the next step. Peace, Freedom and Happiness to All.
A few thoughts on Guru Purnima and the translation of ideas between the East and West. Any day or time is a good moment to worship the Divine. With this in mind, let’s take a fresh look at Guru Purnima from the perspective of those who invented the occasion. Guru Purnima is defined as occurring during the 15th Tithi (Purnima) of the waxing Moon in the lunar month of Sravana with the Moon in the Nakshatra of Sravana. The Sanskrit word “Tithi” is calculated using the longitude of the Moon and Sun. For those interested, please look carefully into the terms, lunar month, Tithi and Nakshatra. The main point I am bringing to light here is that indication and timings for the full Moon as found at NASA or local media is based on the moment in which the Moon is 180 degrees from the Sun relative to Earth. This is the definition of Full Moon. However, the planets are in motion and when the Moon is 180.x degrees from the Sun, the Moon is now waning and no longer called Purnima. The peak has been reached and Guru Purnima has passed. Relative to the Eastern concept of the occasion, the Western date and time of the Full Moon marks the closing moment of the Eastern Guru Purnima.
I personally don’t use the Hindu Festival Calendar much but many are nostalgic about the yearly moments of Guru Purnima, Shiva Ratri and Nava Ratri etc. The Devil is sometimes in the details and plenty is often lost in translation when some concepts are not understood and perhaps simplified due to cultural differences and inattention to details. I thought I would point this out since many sincere people in the West are devotedly observing Guru Purnima after it has already past and concluded. The same confusion abounds for Shiva Ratri. Shiva Ratri is on the 14th Tithi of the waning Moon. When the New Moon occurs it is all over, etc.
The following is a perspective of how the Synergetikos, written in the mid 1980s played out in real life …
Today we have two gems in the rough from 1989. The first pic was published by some young people in the UK and called the “Weirdglow” newsletter. It appears to report the formation of the Adinatha Community and some list of those holding valid Adinatha initiation. Some of you may find this surprising. Four years earlier Shri Mahendranath had clarified in “From the Dark into Light” that both the Adinatha and Uttara Kaula initiations could only be passed on to those already initiated as a sadhu or sannyasin. Shri Mahendranath had written in 1985, “I remain today as the Guru of both these sects, and I remain the only and last member and Guru of both these sects”. It must have been a considerable irony for Shri Mahendranath to read that somehow, though only on paper, he had been deposed as Guru while still living. Of course, this was all quite impossible, but the intention is clear as you can read for yourselves.
The second picture is the closing of a letter from Shri Mahendranath to Sri Kapilnath also written in 1989. Here he poses a question which has never been answered in 25 years. “If UK Naths have not received this ordination as sadhus, what initiation have they received?” While silent on this question raised by Shri Mahendranath, the UK Naths have troubled themselves to invent a sad story of Mahendranath’s dementia during his last years. This is not a true story, but a story intended to change the subject. I believe astute readers with a reliable timeline will find their strange canard of dementia best determined: Please return to Sender … Guru Om!
On March 22 through the 28th I’m leading a retreat at The Sanctuary here in Costa Rica. The event is called Nath Tantrika: Divine Consciousness in Local Space and being presented as a Tantra. All features of this Tantra will be discussed and put into practice on successive days. This is an opportunity to become better acquainted with a simple paradigm and put these key concepts into action through participation in ritual activity and higher yoga.
The four limbs of the Tantra are defined as: 0. The Zonule or Kaula Chakra 1. The Divine Shakti 2. The Mystic Folklore of Shiva/Shakti (The Story) 3. The Bindu (The point where the three Shaktis of Will, Knowledge and Action converge. Iccha, Jnana and Kriya Shakti)
There is still space open for a few individuals. If Mantra and Tantra are of interest to you, then consider signing up and dropping in to explore further.
After 30 years of poking around I finally found that picture of Pagala Baba. Some small tidbits, such as his actual name may be forthcoming, but the translation from Gujarati will take some time. It is of historical interest that Theos Casimir Bernard, who first brought a number of Tibetan Buddhist scriptures to the West, also studied with Pagala Baba. In his writings, Mr. Bernard referred to Pagala Baba as the unnamed adept and his teacher of Hatha Yoga and Tantra. Mr. Bernard was murdered in 1947 and little on his story of “Indian Tantra” ever emerged. I don’t know why Pagala Baba was made anonymous by Mr. Bernard, but I assume that this was Pagala Baba’s demand. Gurudev related that Pagala Baba wasn’t much into being disturbed by the curious, so I’d guess he didn’t want to be distracted by the attention.